Equipment Condition – Definitions

A lot of terms get thrown around regarding the condition of equipment. Terms like reconditioned, refurbished, remanufactured, and as-is. 

Unfortunately, there is no true standard definition for these terms, so everyone uses them a little differently. To ensure we’re all on the same page, we worked with industry experts to create a comprehensive list of definitions for the Medinas Marketplace — whenever you see one of these words used in a Medinas listing, here’s exactly what we mean:


As-Is – Equipment that is being sold in its current state, without any warranty, and having undergone no repair, reconditioning, refurbishment or remanufacture.

  • As-Is (Untested) – An as-is piece of equipment that the Seller has not tested and cannot confirm whether it is working, not working, or powers on.
  • As-Is (Powers On) – An as-is piece of equipment that will power on, but that the Seller has not otherwise confirmed will work for its intended purpose.
  • As-Is (Working) – An as-is piece of equipment that is currently in working order. Seller does not guarantee that the piece of equipment is in any particular cosmetic condition, only that it currently functions for its intended purpose.
  • As-Is (Not Working) – An as-is piece of equipment that will not power on, or displays errors when powered on, but does not appear to have broken or missing parts. Seller provides no guarantee regarding the ability of the equipment to be repaired. 

Reconditioned – Equipment that has undergone decontamination, HIPAA-compliant removal of personal health information (PHI), cosmetic repair, and has been tested to ensure that it is fully functional.

Example: A C-arm is removed from a hospital by a third party reconditioner. It is cleaned, PHI wiped, painted, and the reconditioner determines it is fully operational. That C-arm is reconditioned.


Refurbished – Equipment that has been restored to OEM standards of performance through decontamination, PHI removal, repair, replacement of worn parts, full cosmetic rehabilitation, calibration, and any other necessary procedures. A refurbished piece of equipment has been restored “to a condition of safety and effectiveness that is comparable to when new.” (FDA: 81 FR 11477, P. 79, available here.)

Example: A CT scanner is cleaned, wiped, has a new tube installed, worn parts are replaced, is painted, and is calibrated through full testing to perform to original OEM specifications. That CT scanner is refurbished.


Remanufactured – Equipment that has been significantly altered in such a way as to no longer fit it’s prior use or design, by being processed, conditioned, renovated, repackaged, restored in a manner “that significantly changes the finished device’s performance, safety specifications, or intended use.” (FDA: 81 FR 11477, P. 79, available here.) A remanufactured device is essentially a new device, and must comply with FDA device labeling requirements at 21 CFR 801.1(c).

Example: An MRI machine is completely disassembled, and its parts are combined with significantly different components  to create what is essentially a new MRI machine with different performance specifications. That MRI machine has been remanufactured.


Parts Unit – A piece of equipment that is “as-is not working” that the seller believes is unlikely to be repairable and so can only be salvaged for its component parts. A piece of equipment may be a parts unit because portions of the unit are physically broken or have been removed.

Example: A defibrillator is missing its case, cover and both paddles, leaving just the electronic components. That defibrillator is a parts unit.


If you think we’re missing any definitions, please contact us [insert link] and let us know!